Romans 2:1-16 – July 1, 2007

June 24, 2007 at 8:35 pm Leave a comment


Each study will have an error in one of the questions. It is our duty as believers to test everything that we read or hear with the Bible. So this will be a mini exercise in testing what is being said in class.

We handed out this sheet about the five major parts of Romans. We went over the first part since that is where we are:

Romans were written to explain the faith. While the first five books of the New Testament tell the story of Jesus, Romans examines the message of Jesus. It shows that His Gospel is for more than just nice feelings or high moral sentiments. It is TRUTH! It has intellectual content. It makes a difference in the way people think and therefore in what they believe.


Romans 1:1-3:20

Revelation of God’s power

This shows we all sin; righteousness is displayed in the law. There is a need of salvation; before this we are a slave to satan and sin; this is doctrinal and shows how the Gospel saves the sinner; it is the basis of the Gospel.

Romans 3:21-6:1

Revelation of God’s Righteousness PART 1

It shows salvations righteousness is imputed through Jesus which is the way of salvation; we are a slave to God and His righteousness; this is doctrinal and shows how the Gospel saves the sinner; it is the basis of the Gospel.

Romans 6:1-8:39

Revelation of God’s Righteousness PART 2

It shows sanctification; righteousness imparted by the Holy Spirit; life of salvation; we are a slave to God and His righteousness; this is doctrinal and shows how the Gospel saves the sinner; it is the basis of the Gospel.

Romans 9-11

Revelation of God’s sovereignty

This shows sovereignty; righteousness enacted in Israel and the church; scope of salvation; we are a slave to God and His righteousness; this is doctrinal and shows how the Gospel relates to Israel; it is the basis of the Gospel.

Romans 12-16

Revelation of God’s Expectations

On service; righteousness reproduced in the believer; service of salvation; a slave to Christ and His service; this is practical and shows how the Gospel changes conduct; it is the behavior of the Gospel.

Q1) In verses 1-3 why does Paul say that these particular men he’s talking to are inexcusable?

Discussion)    As we see throughout this chapter, Paul states that every person, whether a follower of Jesus or not, is inexcusable of whether you judge others or not.  He is stating here that when you judge another for the things that are listed at the end of chapter 1, and you do those things yourself that you are treasuring up wrath from God to come upon yourself in the day of judgment.   We talked about how it is so easy to get into the mode that everyone you meet you tell them that they are on their way to hell and that they are pagans for what they do.  Instead it is easier to love people into heaven and let them no what Jesus did for them instead of telling them how bad they have been. 

Q2) What is it in verse 4 that God draws sinners to repentance with?

Discussion)    After exclaiming the past three verses about judgment, Paul states here that the goodness of God is what leads each of us to repentance.  It is not based upon us, but it is the realization that without God we are nothing.  It is the sanctification that God does through Jesus Christ for us and not we do for ourselves.  God is not One Who sits up there waiting for us to come to Him with His arms pushing us away and not wanting to get dirty by our sin.  No, instead He is One Who is waiting on each of us with open arms while wooing and pleading with us to come to Him, just like a father would woo his children.

We then went over verse 5 and talked about what this verse means.  We concentrated on how our hearts bit by bit and day by day can become hardened.  With all of the brutality and horrible news that we see each and every day, our hearts slowly become hardened towards crime and sin, where something that once shocked us and made us want to repent for the person(s) now barely makes us look the other way.  God wants our hearts to be soft so that we can intercede for others and tell others about Him.

Q3) According to verse 6 we are going to be judged according to our deeds. Does this mean “works” will get us to heaven?

Discussion)    Very far from it.  What verse 6 means is that we will all be judged by God according to what we have done.  It will be tested by fire and what is done in the name of Jesus without ulterior motives will survive.  What doesn’t survive, in words, actions or deeds, we will have to give an account of to God, and the old “I don’t know” answer will not pass with God.

Q4) In verse 7-11 compare and contrast those who judge and those who don’t.

Discussion)  Verses 7 and 10 talk about those who seek God and do not judge will have glory, honor, immortality, honor, and peace.  Verses 8 and 9 talk about those who judge will have indignation, wrath, tribulation, and anguish.  Notice how at the end of verses 9 and 10 that Paul states it is to the Jew and to also the Greek then in verse 11 he states that there is not partiality with God.  He is stating that it does not matter if you are a Jew or a Gentile that when it comes to our horizontal relationship with each other God does not show partiality.  What He states about judging others goes for someone in Israel as well as someone in Russia as well as someone in America, Antarctica, or anywhere else on earth.    

Q5) Verse 12 states that those who don’t know the law can enter heaven. Explain.

Clues)    This is the trick question.

Discussion)    What is being stated here in verse 12 and Paul further explains is that if you do not have the law and you perish then you are being judged without the law.  This will further be explained in the next question.

Q6) What do verses 13-16 mean?

Discussion)    These verses mean that each one of us has a seed of the laws of God that is in us.  Just as each one of us is made in the image of God, that does not mean we are all Christians.  In the same way, each one of us has a seed in us of what the laws of God are.  As we get past the age of accountability, each one of us knows what is right and what is wrong.  This is the seed of God’s laws in us.  What we start to do with the right and wrong aspect determines if this seed will be squelched or will start to flourish in us.  As this seed flourishes we then start to realize that there is a God and a Creator and our need for a Savior, which shows the goodness of God and our need for repentance.  If we squelch this seed then we start to see a heart that gets hardened and the difference between good and evil blurred in the person’s life.

LIFE APPLICATION: According to this lesson, how would you rather live your life? Like verse 7 and 10 or like verses 8-9 and why?

Discussion)    Of course people want to live like verses 7 and 10, but the question becomes what do we do with the seed that God puts in our heart?


Entry filed under: Time in the Word.

Romans 1:16-32 – June 24, 2007 Romans 2:17-29 – July 8, 2007

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