Romans 4:1-15 – July 29, 2007

July 22, 2007 at 8:29 pm Leave a comment


Each study will have an error in one of the questions. It is our duty as believers to test everything that we read or hear with the Bible. So this will be a mini exercise in testing what is being said in class.

Q1) What is Paul’s point in this study and what and whom does he use to prove his point?

Discussion) Faith and Abraham

Verses 1, 2, and 3) Paul talks about Abraham since he is considered the father of Israel and the Jewish nation. We will see why he talks about Abraham during question 3. We need to realize that Paul mentions that Abraham did no works so there was and is no boasting on his part. Instead Abraham believed God and that was counted as righteousness towards God.

Q2) What ideas do verses 4 and 5 give us about grace?

Discussion) If you do works to get to heaven or merit favor with God it is counted as a debt, but if you have faith then it is counted as righteousness.

Q3) Read Genesis 15:6, Romans 4:9-15, Galatians 3:6, and James 2:23. Abraham was declared righteous before he was circumcised and before God gave the Mosaic Law. How?

Discussion) Think back about this. Abraham only had the stories about Adam and Eve, Enoch, Noah, Noah’s family and the such. He never had a Bible, countless seminars and/or conferences, television preachers, internet sermons, etc. He had very little and God told him to depart from his country and move into a foreign land; look up at the stars and that God would make his descendants like the number of the stars. From that encounter Abraham believed in and on God and did what He said without having any meetings, consulting anyone, doing any test runs, he just did in faith.

Q4) What does Paul tell us about Abraham in verses 11 and 12?

Discussion) That circumcision for Abraham was not to make him closer to God but as a sign, not for the world to see but a sign as a covenant between him and God. Abraham was not stationary so he could not setup a memorial or altar towards God and be reminded of that continuously. Instead this sign was a seal that he would remember God all the days of his life.

Q5) Read Matthew 5:5 and Psalms 37:11. What does it mean in verse 13 that Abraham would be heir of the world and we are included in this?

Clues) This is the trick question.

Discussion) Jesus is the heir of the world. We are included in this as joint-heirs through Jesus Christ. We are not joint-heirs through the law but through the righteousness of faith through Jesus Christ.

Q6) Read Galatians 3:18 then read verses 14 and 15. Why isn’t it a good idea to try to keep the law perfectly to gain our righteousness?

Discussion) Keeping the law brings about wrath, if you keep the law without faith to gain our righteousness.

LIFE APPLICATION: Grace is unmerited/unearned favor from God – read John 1:16-17. The Law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. What does it mean for us, we have all received grace for grace? How does that apply in our lives now and how can we promote grace to others?

Discussion) We need to realize that grace and righteousness are gifts. It is not something that we work for but it is something that is bestowed upon us. We need to realize that we need to show the same love that God shows us to others.


Entry filed under: Time in the Word.

Romans 3:21-31 – July 22, 2007 Romans 4:16-25 – August 5, 2007

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